A Political Economy of Historical Change and Continuity in Turkish Foreign Policy

Home page
Volume 20, Number 080, 2023


This study aims to analyse historical continuity and change in Turkish foreign policy (TFP) within the framework of Critical Theory as elucidated by Robert Cox. It suggests asking how TFP has been affected by the historical changes in relations of production and world orders. Within this framework, it aims to explain the changes in TFP within the relation between the production, the world order and the form of state. It analyses TFP in three historical periods such as the Interwar Years, Cold War and post-Cold War. It exposes that Turkish state (re)formation and foreign policy making has succumbed to the global capitalist relations of production and corresponding world orders. These two have been the major framework(s) of change and continuity in Türkiye’s 100 years-old foreign policy. Its main argument is that the continuity and change in TFP has shown an interplay of relations between production and world order. It concludes that TFP has been in line with the global relations of production so there has been a clear and substantial continuity; and that the arguable changes have been the repercussions of global relations of production and world orders.


Turkish foreign policy, relations of production, Critical Theory, Cox, world order


İnan Rüma, “A Political Economy of Historical Change and Continuity in Turkish Foreign Policy”, Uluslararasi Iliskiler, Advanced Online Publication, 13 December 2023, pp. 1-22, DOI: 10.33458/uidergisi.1399863


İnan RÜMA Associate Professor, Department of International Relations, İstanbul Bilgi University, İstanbul

Share this content