The collapse of the Soviet regime and the subsequent end of the Cold War signaled a shift in the international environment away from the previous one: a new era in which the West was the winner and—at least initially—that the liberal democracy seemed to be the only game in town. Consequently, many closed or hegemonic authoritarian governments felt the pressure to either leave the political arena or to reform their way of ruling and their institutions. In this effort, they introduced multiparty systems and elections in various degrees. Thus in the aftermath of the Cold War, the proliferation of democratization efforts reached a peak and at its maximum level, this phenomenon has come to be referred to by scholars as the 4 th wave of democratization.
Competitive Authoritarianism, Hybrid Regimes, Cold War, Politics of Uncertainty, Electoral Authoritarianism, Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, Volume 14, Issue 55, 2017, pp. 125-129
- Nazlı ÖZEKİCİ, PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science, İstanbul Bilgi University